If you’ve never used this in-text citation before, it may seem a little complicated. It becomes much easier once you have seen some examples. This is also called the “in-text” or “paraphrased” citation. It is used when you directly quote or paraphrase an element of the text being used. A parenthetical reference is when you refer to something found in another source. This can be done by inserting part of the text directly into your paper. You must summarize, paraphrase or quote from another source in most cases. If you use an in-text quotation in your paper, make sure to include a reference entry in your Works Cited list or References list.
You may have already noticed that it is important to give your parenthetical quotations accurately and without changing the meaning of direct quotes. Paraphrasing is another option to preserve the original idea. This information is intended to give your audience details about the author of the work being cited. It should also include information about the date of creation and a page number, if any. Your References page will help your readers locate the original source more easily.
Here’s how to do in-text citation when you have only one author
(Last Author’s Page Number)
(Last name and last name Page Number)
(Last Name et al. Page Number
(Organization’s name Page Number) (“Title of article” Page Number).
(The National Museum 23).
(United States Taxation Dept. Report 224)
(Last name page number)
(Last name page number; Last name page number)
Here’s how to parenthetically cite different sources in APA 7th Edition:
(Last Name, Year)
(Last Name, Last Name, Year)
For the first time, you must cite all authors. However, when you use all future citations, “et al.” is acceptable. “.
(Last Name, et al, Year)
For your first citation, please use the following link: Ministry of Education [MOE], Year
For all subsequent citing, please refer to the MOE Year.
( Title and Year of the Article
Let’s now move on to the actual examples of how to cite in brackets:
You can include text from a larger source if you have it.
“The Paradise Lost”, 223)
A citation will not look the same if it is a title for an article.
(Strange Things 27).
(Stipe and Mills, 79).
(Lange et al. 34)
(The Aviation Museum 300).
(United Arab Emirates Habib Dept. 210)
(Samick 13; Downes 98)
(Kane & Lord, 2009, p.32)
(Wade et al., 2004)
(Lakewood et al., 1995)
(Ministry of Defense [MOD], 2019).
For all subsequent occasions, cite parenthetically:
Group Author without Abbreviation
(Henriksen Corp, 2018)
( How do we know the way? 2009
Italics must be used in APA parenthetical citations when they are also italicized in the References list. In-text citations must be in the same title case as the example.